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 Oral Care India >> Treatment Information - Dental Anaesthesia
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Dental Anaesthesia

Modern Anesthetics

The modern anesthetics owe a lot to cocaine, which was the first natural anesthetic to be used. Although, it is no longer used in dentistry, it is worth noting that the loss of sensation caused by it was quite adequate. For that matter most of the drugs used today in dentistry are synthetic in nature. They belong to two groups, namely, Ester or Anilide group.

Ester group            Anilide group

* Cocaine             * Bupivacaine

* Benzocaine         * Etidocaine

* Procaine             * Lidocaine (most                               commonly used)

* Tetracaine           * Mepivacaine

Most of these agents produce adequate loss of sensation, but some of them have more adverse reactions than the others and are hence not in common use. Lidocaine happens to be the most commonly used anesthetic agent in dentistry today.

A typical anesthetic solution contains lidocaine, adrenaline, methyl paraben, sodium meta-bisulphate, sodium chloride and water to make the solution. Adrenaline is a vasoconstrictor, meaning that it constricts the vessels, thereby prolonging the action of the anesthetic. The other chemicals are reducing agents to lidocaine hydrochloride and adrenaline.

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